Data science vs Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: How they work together?

As the global business environment is moving fast toward “all things digital,” the popularity of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning, and Data Science have risen to an extent that most manufacturing companies have now engaged in reshaping businesses into digital transformation and want to connect their businesses across the world.

Data science vs Artificial Intelligence and machine learning: How they work together?

In today’s world data is king, every business — small, medium, or large — thrives on its data assets. The recent trends offering the data-driven insights as a service to the outside world and has opened up a profitable revenue channel for all businesses. Cloud computing and hosted analytics have to be brought the data-as-a-service to the desktops of ordinary business users, which are to be unheard of even a few years ago.

In this post, We’re going explaining all the details about the difference between data science, machine learning, and artificial intelligence and why. And also will show how these technologies are interconnected.

Machine Learning vs Artificial Intelligence vs Data Science

Data Science: What Is It Exactly?

The main aspect of data science is getting new results from data. Data Science is based on strict analytical evidence and works with structured and unstructured data.

In fact, everything are connected with data science like selecting, preparation, and analysis.

DS allows us to find the meaning and required information from large volumes of data. As it contain tons of raw data stored in data warehouses, there’s a lot to learn by processing it.

What is it used for?

Tactical optimization “improving marketing campaigns, business processes”
Predicted analytics “forecast of demand and events”
Recommendation systems “like those of Amazon, Netflix”
Automatic decision-making systems “like face recognition or drones”
Social research “processing of questionnaires”

What’s Artificial Intelligence?

The core purpose of AI is to impart human intellect to machines.

Artificial Intelligence can be relate to anything – from an apps for playing chess to speech recognition systems. Similarly the Amazon Alexa voice assistant, which recognizes speech and answers questions.

AI explicitly focused on making smart devices that think and act like humans. These smart devices are being trained to resolve problems and learn in a better way than humans do.

AI application examples include:

Game-playing algorithms “like Deep Blue”
Robotics and control theory “motion planning, walking a robot”
Optimization “like Google Maps creating a route”
Natural language processing(NLP)
Reinforcement learning

What is Machine Learning?

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence. ML is a science of getting computers to learn and act like humans do and improve their learning over time in an autonomous fashion. Instead of writing code, you can feed data to the generic algorithm, and it builds its logic based on that information.

Simply put, in ML, computers learn to program themselves. Machine learning makes the programming more scalable and helps us to produce better results in shorter durations. And if the programming is considered to be an automation process, ML is double automation.

“Data Science” is the more holistic term in which that are encompassing the “collection, storage, organization, preparation, and end-to-end management of data,” while the Artificial Intelligence-enabled technologies to control and facilitate data analytics in business operations. Data Science, machine learning and artificial intelligence work in tandem to exploit data for a wide variety of business benefits.

The Relation Between Data Science and Machine Learning

ML and statistics are parts of data science, So there’s plenty of relations between data science and machine learning.

– The machine learning algorithms train on data delivered by data science to become more smarter and giving back business predictions.

– machine learning algorithms depend on the data; so, they won’t learn without using it as a training set.

– Data science applied in much more than machine learning. In Data science, information may or may not come from a machine or mechanical process. Survey data, for example, can be collected manually.

– The main difference fact that lies in the data science covers the whole spectrum of data processing. It’s not limited to the algorithmic or statistical aspects.

Here are some fields data science covers:

data integration
distributed architecture
data visualization
data engineering
deployment in production mode
data-driven decisions

So while Machine Learning experts are busy with building useful algorithms throughout the project lifecycle. The data scientists have some more flexible switching between different data roles according to the needs of the project.

AI vs Data Science

Data science is more of in the tech field of data management. It uses artificial intelligence to interpret historical data, recognize patterns in the current, and make predictions.

Data science involves in analysis, visualization, and prediction. It uses different statistical techniques, While artificial intelligence implements models to predict future events and makes use of algorithms.

How they Work Together

Data Sciences uses Artificial Intelligence (and its Machine Learning subset) to interpret historical data, recognize patterns, and make predictions. In this case, AI and ML help data scientists to gather data in the form of insights.

Machine Learning is a branch of AI, pushing Data Science into the next automation level. With the help of data science, we create statistical insights models while, AI works with models that make machines act like humans.

In Summary

The core purpose of AI is to bring human intellect into machines. ML is a subset of Artificial Intelligence and keep trying to make computers learn and act like humans do while improving their learning over time in an autonomous way.

The central aspect of Data Science is getting new results from the data like wise finding meaning, revealing problems you never knew existed, and solving complex issues. To achieve these outcomes, we need to think of it as a process of data collection, preparation, analysis, and refinement. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, are the tools that are used by the Data Science to implement actual and applicable insights and are now more and more being leveraged by this tool and that enable citizen data scientists to achieve new insights from data.

To conclude, as you can see from above cases, it is important to notice that AI, Data Science, and Machine Learning are designed to help augment humans to drive new progress/updations and do not have the intention of replacing humans in their analytical, tactical, or strategic roles. Instead all these things, it can be seen as a tool to offer new insights, increased motivation, and better company success.


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